ORTHOGRAPHIA CORDKI

ORTHOGRAPHIA CORDKI

Zhe cedsala 11an ta charieka pyshin a cedsala 20an cordan be elifba cordki a be kertyn (xharfyn) xsareban be zmany khwe nevistenen ud khwendenen. De cedsala 20an da dema wary cordan buye penj parche sistema nevistena cordki zhi belawela bue. Cord iro hina be sy hawai be zmany khwe denevisen. Le Bacorr ud Bashury Rozhava be alphabeta Hawary a be kertyn roman, le Bashur, Rozhhelat ud Bashury Rozhhelat be elifba cordki a be kertyn xsareban a sala 1951i, le Bacorry Rozhhelat be alphabeta Hawary a be kertyn roman a goherrandi ud alphabeta cordki a be kertyn cril a dema Sovieta bery denevisen.

Alphabeta Newrozi be armanja sistemyn nevistena cordki beket yek hatie amadekerden. Zhe ber co de Newrozy da hatie amadekerden me navy Alphabeta Newrozi ly kerdie. De amadekerdena Alphabeta Newrozi da zhe hemi hawayn cordki ud zmanyn proto-cordki py hatenen nevisten sud hatie wergerten. De heman demy da zhe nevistena cordki a cordolog ud gerrcaryn europan ud american yn zhe cedsala 18an ta cedsala 20an zhi sud hatie wergerten.

De nevistena zmanan da do hawayn bengehin yn nishandaina dangan henen. Yek:  nishandaina dengyn teny zmaneki. Italianki, spanyolki, ruski, xsarebki chend nomunyn zhe coma pyshin en. Do: nishandaina dengyn chend zmanan be hev ra. Latinki, fareski, franceski, ingliski chend nomunyn zhe coma dawin en. Romian dema alphabet ud sistema nevistena latinki amade kerdene ly khebetine hemi kert u dengyn zmany hellenki be hawaki de nevistena latinki da nishan beden. Fars wushyn khwe yn aszlen xsarebki mina xsareban denevisen, ly mina khwe dexwinen. De amadekerdena sistema nevistena cordki da me zhe her do hawai zhi sud wergert. 

Zhe bo cord becaneben be Alphabet ud Orthographia Newrozi zmany xwe benevisen by goman demek amadehiy lazem est. De vy demy da devyt be orthographia cordki ra sistema check-spelling zhi were amadekerden. Zhe bo rastter weren nevisten listyn wushyn cordki yn zhe zmany xsarebki ud yn ne zhe zmany xsarebki ly be kertyn  de elifba cordki a beri 1951y da hebunen hatenen nevisten weren amadekerden. De heman demy da devyt listyn wushyn cordki yn homophon ud homagraph zhi behyten amadekerden da co xhata momcun bet merev becanebet wan de nevisteny da zhe hev jehy beneviset.

Amadekerdena wushyn cordki yn be formyn khwe yn grand (strong) ud sevec (weak), formy be hev ve (contraction) ud formy temam (full form) zaf gring est. Be formy grand ud formy temam yn wushan, cordkia formel dehyte nevisten, ud be formy sevec ud formy be hev ve yn wushan zhi cordkia neformel dehyte nevisten. Ydi dem hatie mellety cord zhi bebet khwedi zmany khwe y formel ud neformel. De vy rewshy da kesyn cordkia formel hin beben be hawaeki hysanter decanen zhe zar ud shywezaryn cordki tybegehyn. Devyt nehyte zhebirkerden co zmany akhafteny zmaneki zaf goherbar est; de nav demy da gelec wushyn de rastia khwe da homophon nenen zhi deben homophon ud ry le ber tevlehevia manyn wan khwesh debet. Zmany formel zhe bo parastena sheclushemala wushan zhi khwedi gringiek by hemta est.

BE SIMBOLYN ALPHABETA PHONETIC A INTERNATIONAL

PHONEMYN CORDKI UD NEVISTENA WAN

Vocal

Simbolyn API[1]

Alphabeta Newrozi

Elifba Newe

Alphabeta Hawary

Alphabeta Cril

1

ɑ

a

 

ا

a

a

2

ε

e

ea

ە

e

ә

3

i

i

 

ی

î

и

4

o

o

oa

ۆ

o

о

5

u

u

 

وو

û

У

6

ə

e, o, a

 

 

i

ь

7

e

y

yy, ei

ێ

ê

е

8

ɵ

o

 

و

u

ӧ

9

ɑ:

 

aa

آ

a

a

10

ε:

 

ee

ە

e

ә

11

i:

 

ii

ی

î

и

12

o:

 

au

ۆ

o

о

13

u:

 

oo, ou

وو

û

У

 

 

 

 

Consonant

Simbolyn API

Alf. Newrozi

Elifba Newe

Alf. Hawary

Alf. Cril

14

b

b

 

ب

b

б

15

bh

 

bh

ب

b

б

16

m

m

 

م

m

м

17

p

p

 

پ

p

п

18

pʰ

p

ph

پ

p

п’

19

w

w

 

و

w

w

20

f

f

 

ف

f

ф

21

v

v

 

ڤ

v

в

22

d

d

 

د

d

д

23

d, z

 

ض

d, z

д, з

24

j

 

ج

c

щ

25

 dʒʰ

 

jh

ج

c

щ

26

ʒ

 

zh

ژ

y

ж

27

l

l

 

ل

l

л

28

ɭ

l

lh

ڵ

l

л’

29

n

n

 

ن

n

н

30

ŋ

ng

 

نگ

ng

нг

31

ɾ

r

 

ر

r

р

32

r

r

rh

ڕ

r

р’

33

s

s

c+e,i,y

س

s

c

34

θ

 

th

ث

s

c

35

 

sz

ص

s

c

36

ʃ

 

sh

ش

ş

ш

37

t

t

td

ط

t

т

38

t

 

ت

t

т’

39

z

z

 

ز

z

з

40

ð

 

dh

ذ

z

з

41

 

zs

ظ

z

з

42

g

g

 

گ

g

г

43

k

c, k

ck, qu+a/e/i/o/y

ک

k

к

44

kʰ

c, k

 

ک

k

к’

45

q

q

 

ق

q

q

46

khs, ks, gz

x

 

کس، گز

ks, gz

кc, гз

47

x

 

kh

خ

x

x

48

ʍ

 

khw

خو

xw

xw

49

ʁ

 

gh

غ

ѓ

50

h

h

 

ھ

h

h

51

ħ

 

xh

ح

һ’

52

ɦ

h

 

ع

h

h

53

Ɂ

 

ء

 

54

ʕ

 

xs

ع

ә'

55

 

ch, cs

چ

ç

ч

56

 

ch

چ

ç

ч’

57

j

y

 

ی

y

й

 

   Diphtong

Simbolyn API

Diphtong

Nomune

58

ɑɑ

aa

kaa niskan, tdaa wan

59

ɑε

ae

mae, dae

60

ɑi

ai

haidar, daik

61

ɑe

ay

bay corr

62

ɑo

ao

aghao

63

ɑu

au, aw

raun (rabun), tawi

64

εɑ

ea

idea

65

εε

ee

mangeek

66

εi

ei

hein

67

εe

ey

khwendey

68

εo

eo, ewo

bendeo, Hewo

69

εu

eu, ew

europan, hew

70

iɑ

ia

piano

71

ie

musicien

72

ii

ii

dara biin

73

ie

iy

rendiy

74

io

io

radio

75

iu

iu, iw

stadium, diwar

76

eɑ

ya

chya me

77

ejε

ye

hatye

78

ee

yy

chyy wan

79

ei

yi

chyi

80

eo

yo

Khwedyo

81

eu

yu, yw

dyubav, dyw

82

oɑ

oa

sershoa

83

oe

reshoe

84

oe

oy

sershoy

85

oi

oi

iroin

86

oo

oo

csoo, chloo

87

ou

ow

cou, show

88

ɵɑ

oa

joan

89

ɵe

oe

to’y (to dy)

90

ɵi

oi

to i

91

ɵo

oo

kho o (khwe o)

92

ɵu

ou

to ud quy

93

uja, uɑ

ua

bebua, bechua, tuan

94

ujε

ue

bue, chue

95

ue

uy

dara tuy

96

uj, ui

ui

to bui, muin,

97

uo

uo, uw

tuo, ruwo

98

uu

uu

buubu, chuubu, uu

 

 

 

 

 

ALPHABETA NEWROZI

Kert

Kert

Nomune

1

A a

ager

2

B b

berf

3

C c

cusi

4

D d

dar

5

E e

eleg

6

F f

fend

7

G g

ga

8

H h

hyk

9

I i

isot

10

Jj

jotcar

11

K k

kereng

12

L l

lale

13

M m

masi

14

N n

nan

15

O o

ordeg

16

P p

pivaz

17

Q q

qelem

18

R r

rozh

19

S s

syv

20

T t

tazhi

21

U u

uti

22

V v

veshartok

23

W w

weres

24

X x

fax

25

Y y

yzeng, yek

26

Z z

zerdeli

 

 

Digraph

Digraph

Nomune

1

aa

caal

2

ea

bear

3

ee

beer

4

ii

biir

5

au

automobil

6

oa

goal

7

oo

boom

8

ou

boum

9

yy

lyy

10

bh

bhisten

11

ch

cha

12

cs

cseng, cso

13

dh

dhewq

14

gh

ghar

15

kh

khani

16

lh

lhor

17

ph

phar

18

qu+e/i/y

quer

19

rh

rhast

20

sz

szal

21

sh

shalul

22

td

tda

23

th

thi, thy

24

xh

xhannar

25

xs

xsawr

26

zh

zhuzhi

27

zs

zsarr

 

 

 

 

Derkenar

1.      De vy nevisy da me hendec wushe be formyn wan yn grand (strong form) nevisitenen: kerden : 1. /khεɾdεn/ 2. /khəɾdən/ 3. /kəɾən/ hyvar: 1. /hevɑɾ/ 2. /evɑɾ/ ud: 1. /ud/ 2. /u/ debyzhet: 1. /dεbeʒət/ 2. /dəbeʒət/ 3. /dəbeʒε/ 4. /dəbeʒə/ est: 1. /εst/ 2. /yε/, /ε/, /e/  3. /jə/, /ə/. wem: 1. /wεm/ 2 /εm/ wez: 1. /wεz/ 2. /εz/ hew: 1. /hεw/ 2. /εw/ Zhe van hawayn goteny 1. grand 2. svec 3. svecter 4. svecterin est. Her char hawa zhi de nav gel da berdewam en, ud be qasi hev rast en.

 

ORTHOGRAPHIA

Wem dy de parta Orthographiay da be perrani ji beden methelyn nacoc ud yn xhatda inrozh le ser nehati nevisten.

Digraphyn zhe bo kymkerdena wushyn homophon ud homograph

Be digraphyn vocal aa, ae, ea, ii, ee, oa, au, ou, oo, yy wushyn homagraph ud homophon dehyten nevisten.

aa:  Tdaeki bary hespy te khwar est, rast beket. Hew her dem tday hev degeren. Hew be tdaay ketie, beben jem bezhishk. Erdy wi rhast est, cash nene. Bersiva wi rast est. Yek le aliy raasty yek le aliy chepy est.

ee, ea: Le ber khwe myze beket. Insal beary rezan tonne. Sing ud beer. Wi terr kerd. Ev dar tearr en. Daran pearr weshanden. Perr, gelek, zor ud zahf khwedi heman many nen. Teshtek de teashty da nemabu. Be deasteki dest belend kerd. Gelek merev be deesty (pandemia) coronay merden.

ii: Dehyt bira men, le vy dery biirek avy hebu. Ev dara biiy est. Myryn bi ud zhenyn bi. Merevyn bery be tir ud kevan bun. Ava wy caniy tiir bu, nedehat vekhwarden. Lazem est dew ne tiir bet ne zhi ron.

oa, au: Golyn sor, golyn zerd, golyn spi le ber gaula avy bun. Barcelonay do goal havyten Madridy. Automobil boha bunen.

ou, oo: Be kyra touzh biberyn tuzh hur kerden. Do sal baery ez khwendecar bum. Boum ferria. Dengyn bomban dehat behisten, boom, boom! Zhe hoor ud rovian xhaz nedekerd. Pery khwe hour beke. Pivazyn khwe hur beke. Tury khwe avyt baggagey ud le otobusa toury sowar bud.

yy, ei:  Tyr khwarie. Le pei tyyr chu Chiny. Chyiy beket, lyh mebyzhet. Deiny wi ly (le wi/wy/wan) est. Ev lo lo est, lei lei ma est. Ly disa zhi tu dezani.

Be digraphyn consonat cs, ph, td /t/, c+e,i,y, qu+a,e,i,o,u,y ud k+a,o,u teny wushyn (word) homophon, homograph ud wushyn zhe zmanyn bygane yn wosan dehyten nevisten ud van dengan deden, dehyten nevisten.

c+e,i,y /θ/-/s/: cinema, police, ambulance, biciclet, piece, franceski, Barcelona

cs: De germy da ben csengy merev khwi dedet. Chenga wi shekia. Cso de destan da le pei kery barkeri cho choa wi bu. Cseka khwe havyt peshta khwe ud chu sherr. Bazergan dekanet de shuna pere da chek bedet. Zhe musicienyn cheang ly dekhen ra cheangi dehyte goten.

qu+a,e,i,o,y ud k+a,o,u /k/, /kh/: Bazergany zhyhati cary khwe zhi quara khwe zhi dezanet. Cary ty da quar tonne bet car nene. De vi cari da quar tonne. Kyra khwe touzh kerd. Kyra men zhe bo berrina vi dari be quyr nahyt. Ca (fg cany) te cheqas qua kerri? Bazergyn zhe cary froshtena vi quari (fg. cahr) be qasi cary froshtena cardiy (fs. cari) zhi quar nekerd. Kesi quesa pryza genem berhev nekerd. Kelemyn senjy zaf dejwar en. Zhe dara mazi ra le hendek deran myshe ud le hendek deran zhi keleam dehyt goten. Zhe bazary quelem kerrin ud zhe bo shivy paten. Be corman avy vedekhwet, be korman masian degeret…

ph /p/: Car he hev phar kerden.

td /t/: Be tdaay ketebu. Terzi ta be derzia khwe ve kerd ud dest be drutena kenjan kerd. Tol nacanet tdola khwe heldet.

Wushyn be digraphyn lh ud rh dehyten nevisten

Hemi r ud l yn le sery wushyn cordki phonemyn /r/ ud /ɭ/ nen. Ev her do digraph teny teny le sery wushyn homophon dehyten nevisten.

lh: Lhema mangy tezhe shir bue. Lor zhe lhor xhaz deken. O laz lhaz o. Lhori lhoria lor bu.

rh /r/: Rhozh jihany ronahi deket. Rozhek 24 saxsat est. Erdy wi rhast est, cash nene. Bersiva wi rast est. Yek le aliy raasty bu, yek aliy chepy. Rha le Mesra bery navy khwedaeki est.

KYMKERDENA HEZHMARA WUSHYN HOMOGRAPH

De zmaneki da perrbuna homographan hendek jaran decanet ry le ber thevlehevia many vebeket. Wem decanen hezhmara homographan kym beken. Zhe nomunyn de tabloa zhyrin da rend khwia debet co merev decanet be nevistena zmany formel (wushyn be formyn khwe yn gran) da de derenjeek ne hendek da hezhmara homgraphan kym beket.

Nevisten

Goten be API

Mahna be Ingliski

ader (fs: ar) n. z.

ɑdəɾ (fs: ɑ:ɾ)

fire

ager (fs: ar) n. m.

ɑgəɾ (fs: ɑ:ɾ)

fire

ard (fs: ar) n. m.

ɑɾd

flour

hard, erd, xsard, n. m.

hɑ:ɾd, ε:ɾd, ʕɑɾd,

earth

bar n. z.

bɑɾ

bar

baar n. m.

bɑɾ

load

cani, cany (fs: ca) pers.

khɑni, khɑne (fs: khɑ)

where

qua n. z.

kɑ

straw, hay, chaff

quahni (fs: quani)

kɑhni (fs: kɑ:ni)

fountain

caani adj.

khɑni

about source

cal adj.

khɑl

raw fruit or vegetable

cahl (fs: caal) n. m.

kɑhl (fs: kɑ:l)

grand father, grandpa

car n. m.

kʰɑɾ

work

quar n. z.

kʰɑ:ɾ

income, earning, gain

cahr (fs: caar), ked n. m.. z.

kɑɦɾ (fs: kɑ:ɾ), kəd

kid, capricorn

quo (quo dery) prs.

kʰɵ

where

coh (fs: cou) n. m.

kʰɵh (fs: kʰo:w)

mountain

co (fs: ke, ki) pron.

kɵ, (fs: kə, ki)

relative pronoun: that, which, who, when, where

cash n. m..

kʰɑʃ

collin

caashkerden v.

kʰɑʃkʰəɾdən, kʰɑʃkəɾən

drawing

cheng n. z.

εŋ

chin

cseng (bezishki) n. m.

εŋ

axilla (medicine)

Cho

tʃo:

giddap (said to make a donkey move forward)

cso n. m.

tɕo:

stick, baton

coart n. z.

ko:ɾt

col, hole, trench

cort adj.

kɵɾt

short

deast n. m.

dεst

hand

deest n. m.

dεst

pandemic

dest n. z.

dəst

cauldron

ferr n. z.

fər

flight

fert (fs: ferr) n. z.

fəɾt (fs: fər)

(a)    sip, (a) sup

geran pr.

gɾɑn

the collins

grand adj.

gɾɑ:n

heavy, strong

ger n. m.

gəɾ

collin

gers (fs: ger) adj.

gəɾs (fs: gəɾ)

big, huge

khward (fs: khwar) v.

ʍɑɾd (fs: ʍɑɾ)

ate

khwahr (fs: khwaar) adj.

ʍɑ:ɾ

crooked, curve, wry

khwar adv. pre

ʍɑɾ

below, down

kyr n. z.

kheɾ

knife

quyr adj.

keɾ

useful

mahr (fs: maar) n. m., z.

mɑɦɾ (fs: mɑ:ɾ)

snake

mar n. z.

mɑ:ɾ

marriage

par adj.

pɑɾ

las year

phar n. z.

phɑ:ɾ

share, portion, equal part, part, dividend,

perd (fs: perr) n. z.

phəɾd (fs: phər)

bridge

perr adj.

pher

very, a lot, lots

piu! (pii!) interj.

piu (fs: pi:)

phew!

phi n. m.

phi

dad, father

phii n. z.

phi:

peace

pi n. m.

phi

arm, chol (medicine)

ta n. m.

tɑ

strand, yarn. sapling, plant

tda n. z.

thɑ

malaria

taa n. m.

thɑ:

side, way, part, favour

tdar (fs: tdaa) adj.

thɑr (fs: thɑ:)

further, farer

tdyhni (fs: tdii) adj.

thehni (fs: thi:)

thirsty

tdi n. m.

thi

brother in law

tdesht n. z.

thεʃt

basin, washbasin

tesht n. m.

təʃt

thing

tearr adj.

tεr

sappy (tree), humid, wet

terr n. z.

tər

fart

sheav n. z.

ʃεv

night

shev n. m.

ʃəv

sprig, switch, vimen,

sar n. z.

zɑɾ

membrane

zaar n. z.

zɑ:ɾ

dice

zar n. m.

zɑɾ

dialect

zsaar adj.

ɑ:r

Imitation speaking of someone to annoy.

zsarr n. m., z.

ɑr

child

zoar adv.

zo:ɾ

very, a lot. In German sehr

zor adj.

zoɾ

difficult, troublesome, hard, tough, crucial

pun (fs: pin) n. z.

phun (fs: phin)

coop

pyhn (fs: piin) n. z.

pehn (fs: pi:n)

kick, hack

 

Wushyn be digraphyn dh, sz, xh, xs, zs dehyten nevisten

Be digraphyn dh, gh, sz, xh, xs, zs be perrani wushyn cordki yn be coca khwe xsarebki dehyten nevisten. Wushyn cordki yn de textyn classickyn cordki da be ebjeda cordki be kertyn ع, غ, ح, ذ, ص, ظ,   hatenen nevisten be van digraphan dehyten nevisten.

dh dheka, dheki, dhewq, ledhet, ledhidh

gh gherib, ghezal, gholam, naghme, shoghol

sz faszulia, ikhtiszasz, moszibet, qeszide

xh xhaakim, xhadith, xhaj, maxhkum, raxhm, reixhan, roxh

xs el xsaalem, xsamel, xsameliat, ixstiraf, moxsawin, qetxsi, saxsat

zs zsolm, lefzs, mazslum, menzser, nezser, nizsam, zsalem, zselam, zserf

Hendek wushyn cordki yn be aszlyn khwe zhe xsarebki nenen zhi be van digraphan hatenen nevisten.

dh caghedh

gh agha, caghedh

sz szal

xh xhaisht (hesht), xhaft (heft)

xs xsard (erd)

zs zsarr

Wushyn be gemination

Consonantyn be digraphan dehyten nevisten ne ty da, hemi consonant de rewsha be shedde ud gemination da le ber vocalan dobare deben.

bb moebbed, rebb

cc sheccal, shecco, Becco, ricco

dd gheddar, moqeddes

ff coffek, qoffek (zembila pechuk),

gg aggressiv, reggae, ziggurat

hh Dehhak, qehhar

jj dejjal, xhajji, xsajjeqin

kk dhekki, Dikkel Agha, shekker, sikke

ll chell, chelle, chellek, gell,  ghelle, golli, khellek, qoll, melle, shell, shelli, khellasz

mm comm, emman, gomm, ommet, temme, xhammal

nn gonn, jenn, jennet, tonne, xhanne

pp gepp, goppal, qeppar, sheppal, teppek, zeruzeppeli, zoppe,

qq beqqal, cheqqal, reqqas,

rr bacorr, bay corr, berrozh, berrin, derri (stri), cherr, cherranek, chirr (meiwyn xsashkeri), chiirr (balendeyek), errik, ferrin, gerr, gearrek, gorri, jerr, jyrr, kerrin, kherr, korr, merr, perr, pearr, qerr, qerrash, qerrek, qirr, qirrin, querr, serr, sherr, terr, tearr, terral, terri, terrole, varrek, verr, verrni, xharri, zerrbav, zerrguni, zerrin, zyrr, zyrrin

ss hessen (xhassen), curressin, cussi, melessin, messin, pessik, tessi

tt bettani, cottan, fittek, sette (settyn mywan), xhatta, xsattar

vv bevv, bevvy (zhe zmany zsarran), kevver, tevver

ww gewwer bunden, khewwerin, qewwad, qowwet

yy beyar, teyyar, teyyare, seyyar,

zz bezzin, chezzin, kezzin, kezzerin, qozz, qozzolqort, rezzin, xsizzet

Wushyn be vocala cort + r + consonantek den deqeden

berq

chelk

chelm

colm (korm)

cord

corm

cort

delq

fert

geshk

gesht

gorg

gorm

gorz

jord (jerd)

jorm

kheshm

khesht

khoshk

meshk

perd

pert

pesht

qorm

qort

rend

shocr

tdesht

verd (ver da)

vert

werd (wy da)

zert

zsolm (zselm)

Wushyn be -k deqeden

Zhe ber co de cordki da suffixyn be -e, -i, -y henen, wushyn cordki be kerta -c naqeden, be kerta -k deqeden. Ev qeide zhe bo wushyn cordki yn zhe zmanyn be alphabetek deri alphabeta roman dehyten nevisten hatenen gerten zhi derbas debet.

Nomune:

belek, buk, dak, daik, dylek, chaidank, chariek, calek, chek, chevik, chik, chrusk, colek, colilk, dak, dik, gelek, gaulek, glok, golek, hesk, holek, hyk, jolek, kek, khellek, khelk, lek, kevchidank, kevok, mak, meshk, mrishk, nisk, nok, peshek, psik, puk, qalek, qezhak, qerrek, rekk, reshk, serek, serok, sereak, shek, xsalok, yek, zsarrok, zek, zirek, …

Gushiy consonanti khwe

De cordki da gushieki consonanti heiest. Hew zhi khwe est.

kwarden, khwasten, khwe, khwaar, khwahr, khwasi, khwenche, khweda (khoda), khwedan, khwedi, khwedy, khweli, khwenden, khweng, khwesh, khwesu (khwesi), khwesh, khweshi, khwi, khwin, khwy

Nevistena purveserkyn da, ra, ve

Her che qas le hendek deveryn Cordan de zmany gella le shuna da, ra, ve purvesergyn de, re, ve hebiten zhi, zhe ber co le perrania wary cordan ud de edebiata cordi a classic da ev purveserk da, ra, ve nen, de cordia grand ud cordia standard da be da, ra, ve dehyten nevisten.

Men zhe wi ra got. Mala wi de nav daran da bud. Zhe hakhafteny perr xhaz dekerd, dema depeivi ta be derziy ve dekerd.

Verbyn be purveserk

da- dabezin, dabohorin, dachekin, dagerten, dahnin, dakevten, dakhesten, daleqin, damezrin, daqortin, darezin, dawerevin, daweshin

hel- helbezharten, helbun, helchenin, helferrin, helgerten, helhanin,  helhaten, helkerden, heldan, helperin, helqetin, helseganden, helweshin

ra- rabun, rachenin, raferrin, ragerten, raheshten, rakerden, rakhesten, rakevten, ramusin, raperin, raweshin, razan,

ve- vearqelin, vekerden, vekevten, vekhwarden, velisten, veneshten, veqetin, verreshin, veshkin, vexhawin (vexhabin), vezhin,

Nevistena wushyn zhe zmanyn bygane

Wushyn zhe zmanyn be alphabeta roman (latin) dehyten hatenen gerten be 26 kertyn cordki dehyten nevisten. Kertyn khoszuszi van wushan zhe aliy shekli ve nyzdiki kizhan kerta cordki ben be wy dehyten nevisten. Zmanyn be ne be alphabeta roman, ly be alphabetek den dehyten nevisten be perrani de cordki da chawa dehyten goten wer dehyten nevisten.

Wushyn zhe zmanyn be alphabeta roman dehyten nevisten   

Wushyn be suffixa  -ic deqeden

Wushyn zhe zmanyn helleni, roman (latin) û german hatene gerten ud khwedi suffixa -ic en istisna nen. Dema suffixyn cordki yn be -e, -i, -y ya zhi be van yeky dest py deken le pei van wushan weren, -c a dawia wushy be -ck dehyte nevisten, -c debet -ck+e, i, y.

biologic, biologica, biologogico, biologican, biologicky, biologickyn

democratic, democratica, democratico, democratican, democraticky, democratickyn

ecologic, ecologica, ecologico, ecologican, ecologicky, ecologickyn

geographic, geographica, geographico, geographican, geographicky, geographickyn

sociologic, sociologica, sociologico, sociologican, sociologicky, sociologickyn

sophistic, sophistica, sophistico, sophistican, sophisticke, sophisticky, sophistickyn

Nevistena wushyn graeko-roman

Wushyn graeko-roman yn be latinki ch hatenen nevisten ud /k/ hatenen khwenden be ch dehyten nevisten. Ev wushe de formy grand da mina orginalyn khwe yn hellenki be /x/ dehyten goten, de formy svec da mina latinki be /k/ dehyten goten.

archaeologia, psichologia, choreograph, chrom

Wushyn be y dehyten nevisten ud /i:/ dehyten goten

Wushyn be aszlyn khwe hellenki nen, de latinki da be y dehyten nevisten ud /i:/ dehyten goten de cordki da be i dehyten nevisten:

academi, anatomi, analis, biciclet, cristal, dinamic, enzim, etimologia, lirism, melodi, piton, psikhologia, rhithm, sinonim

Wushyn be ph dehyten nevisten ud /f/ dehyten goten

Wushyn be ph dehyten nevisten ud /f/ dehyten khwenden be ph dehyten nevisten. Chemki dema ev wushe zhe hellenki ketenen latinki be kerta co inrozh grek phonema /f/ denevisen phonema p a aspirant /ph/ hatie nevisten.

philologia, philosoph, phon, phonem, phonetic, photograph, geographia, graphik, diphtong, digraph, telephon, telegraph

Wushyn de latinki da be suffixa -ve deqeden

Wushyn be suffixa -ve deqeden mina by -e dehyten nevisten.:   

alternativ, alternativa, alternativiti, alternativy, alternativo, alternativan, alternativyn

negativ, negativa, negativiti, negativy, negativo, negativan, negativyn

positiv, positiva, positiviti, positivy, positivo, positivan, positivyn

Perrania nediar (perrania indefinit)

Perrania nediar, be gotenek perrana hendek, de wushyn be consonanteky deqeden da be suffixa -en, de wushyn be vocaleky deqeden da be suffixa -inen dehyte nishandain. Dema ev wushe peshti wusha henden behyten nevisten by van suffixan dehyten nevisten.

bazharen         hendek bazhar

cheken            hendek chek

deren               hendek der

golen               hendek gol

gonden                       hendek gond

hyzhiren          hendek hyzhir

mereven          hendek merev

syven              hendek syv

zsarren            hendek zsarr

bazharinen      hendek bazhari

charenen         hendek chare

derinen            hendek deri

gondinen         hendek gondi

masenen          hendek mase

tahzhinen        hendek tahzhi

Be prespositionyn be, de, le, zhe ra nevistena navyn merdane

Nam                Be …              De …              Le …              Zhe

ager                 be ager                        de ager                        le ager             zhe ager

Ali                   be Ali              de Ali              le Ali               zhe Ali

Beg                 be beg             de beg             le beg              zhe beg

Bergo              be Bergo         de Bergo         le Bergo          zhe Bergo

chahv              be chahv         de chahv         le chahv          zhe chahv

chem               be chem          de chem          le chem           zhe chem

corr                 be corr             de corr            le corr              zhe corr

dest                 be dest                        de dest                        le dest             zhe dest

dik                  be dik              de dik             le dik               zhe dik

Dijle                be Dijle           de Dijle           le Dijle            zhe Dijle

gond               be gond           de gond          le gond            zhe gond

gorg                be gorg            de gorg           le gorg             zhe gorg

hesp (nyr)        be hesp            de hesp           le hesp             zhe hesp

Jemil               be Jemil           de Jemil          le Jemil            zhe Jemil

khwedy           be khwedy      de khwedy      le khwedy       zhe khwedy

mahr                be mahr           de mahr           le mahr            zhe mahr

nyri                 be nyri             de nyri            le nyri              zhe nyri

Shyrgo                        be Shyrgo       de Shyrgo       le Shyrgo        zhe Shyrgo

tri                    be tri               de tri               le tri                zhe tri

Navyn continentan

Africa

America

Australia

Asia

Europa

Navyn dewletan

Navên welatan de zmanyn germanic da be -land, de xsarebki da be suffixa -ia, de fareski da be -ostan (-istan), de cordki da be perrani be -an deqeden.

Faresan, Cordan, Gutian, Ermenan, Torkan, Turan, Iran, Francezan, Inglisan, Roman, Hellenan, Bulgaran, American, Mexican, Brezilian, Serban, Croatan, Partava, Persan, Medan, Gutian, Someran, Hititan, Almanan, Australian, Swedan, Gorgan, Azerbaijan, Afghanan, Arian, Xsareban, …

Ev nav xsayni mina navyn gelek gund ud herymyn cordan de jomly da natewen ud suffix nagren, de rewshyn namin (noun cases) nominal, dativ, accusativ, possessiv, locativ, dativ, vocativ da naguherren, her dem de rewsha khwe a sade da deminen.  

Ez chum Faresan. Faresan welateki jiran est. Ew zhe Faresan dehyt. Ew le Faresan dekhebetet.  Mala wan le Faresan est. Hun dy kinga herren Faresan. Tajik zhe Faresan xhaz deken. Hei gdi Faresan. Komara Faresan

Ez chum Botan. Botan wareki khwesh est. Ew zhe Botan dehyt. Ew le Botan dekhebetet. Mala wan le Botan est. Hun dy kinga herren Botan. Cordmanj zhe Botan xhaz deken. Hei gdi Botan, Heryma Botan

Navyn melletan

Navyn melletan de nav jomly da be kerta pechuk dehyten nevisten:

Wary cordan wareki khwesh est. Nany faresan by khwy est. Gellyn cord, azeri, fares, xsareb, tork, ermen, suriani be hev ra le heman wari dezhin.

Navyn zmanan

De cordki da navyn zar ud zmanan be perrani zhe navyn melletan ud suffixa -ki pyk dehyten. De formyn grand da suffixa -ki /ki/ dehyte khwenden, de formy svek da kerta k a suffixa -ki nahyte goten, mina fareski be suffixa -i dehyte goten. Navyn zmanan de nav jomly da be kertyn pechuk dehyten nevisten:

aramki, avestki, bulgarki, cordki, cordmanjki, ckerdmanjki, hellenki, fareski, ruski, ingliski, xsarebki, torki, gorjki, belujki, almanki, ermenki, spaniolki, portugalki

Nav ud adjectivyn zaninan

Navyn zaninan be ingliski be -y,  -cs, be franceski be -ie, -que deqeden be telefuza khwe a hellenki ud mina latinki be -ia, -ca dehyten nevisten. Navyn zaninan zhe helleni ud latini, adjectiv ud adverbyn zaninan zhe latini ud francezi hatenen gerten. Suffixa adverbi a -ment zhe suffixa adverbi a francezi -ment hatie gerten. Kerta t a suffixa -ment dehyte nevisten, ly nahyte telefuzkerden.

Nav

Adjectiv

Adverb

Zanyary wi cari

anatomia

anatomic

anatomicment

anatomist

archaeologia

archeologic

archeologicment

archeolog

astronomia

astronomic

astronomicment

astronom

bacteriologia

bacteriologic

bacteriologicment

bacteriologist

biologia

bilologic

biologicment

biologist

botani

botanic

botanicment

botanist

cardiologia

cardiologic

cardiologicment

cardiologist

cartographia

cartographic

cartographicment

cartograph

chimia

chimic

chimicment

chimiager

chronologia

chronologic

chronologicment

chronolog

climatologia

climatologic

climatologicment

climatolog

cordologia

cordologic

cordologicment

cordolog

cosmologia

cosmologic

cosmologicment

cosmolog

demographia

demographic

demographicment

demograph

dermatologia

dermatologic

dermatologicment

dermatolog

dialectologia

dialectologic

dialectologicment

dialectolog

dinamic

dinamic

dinamicment

dinamist

ecologia

ecologic

ecologicment

ecolog

economi

economic

economicment

economist

enzimologia

enzimologic

enzimologian

enzimolog

epidemiologia

epidemiologic

epidemiologicment

epidemiolog

ethnologia

ethnologic

ethnologicment

ethnolog

etimologia

etimologic

etimologicment

etimolog

exobiologia

exobiologic

exobiologicment

exobiolog

pharmacologia

pharmacologic

pharmacologicment

pharmacolog

philologia

philologic

philologicment

philolog

philosophia

philosophic

philosophicment

philosoph

phonologia

phonologic

phonologicment

phonolog

phisic

phisicki

phisicment

phisicien

phisiologia

phisiologic

phisiologicment

phisiolog

gastronomia

gastronomic

gastronomicment

gastronom

genetic

geneticki

geneticment

geneticien

geographia

geographic

geographicment

geograph

geologia

geologic

geologicment

geolog

grammatologia

grammatologic

grammatologicment

grammatolog

graphologia

graphologic

graphologicment

grapholog

hematologia

hematologic

hematologicment

hematolog

historiologia

historiologic

historiologicment

historiolog

hidrologia

hidrologic

hidrologicment

hidrolog

iconographia

iconographic

iconographicment

iconograph

iconologia

iconologic

iconologicment

iconolog

ideologia

ideologic

ideologicment

ideolog

insectologia

insectologic

insectologicment

insectolog

kinetic

kineticki

kineticment

kineticien

lexicographia

lexicographic

lexicographicment

lexicograph

lexicologia

lexicologic

lexicologicment

lexicolog

linguistic

linguisticki

linguisticment

linguist

mathematic

mathematicki

mathematicment

mathematicien

metaphisic

metaphisicki

metaphisicment

metaphisicien

meteorologia

meteolorologic

meteorologicment

meteorolog

microbiologia

microbiologic

microbiologicment

microbiolog

morphologia

morphologic

morphologicment

morpholog

musicologia

musicologic

musicologicment

musicolog

neurologia

neurologic

neurologicment

neurolog

numerologia

numerologic

numerologicment

Numerolog

numismatic

numismaticki

numismaticment

numismaticien

oceanographia

oceanographic

oceanographicment

oceanograph

oceanologia

oceanologic

oceanologicment

oceanolog

oncologia

oncologic

oncologicment

oncolog

optic

opticki

opticment

opticien

orthographia

orthographic

orthographicment

orthograph

osteologia

osteologic

osteologicment

osteolog

pedologia

pedologic

pedologicment

pedolog

paleobiologia

paleobiologic

paleobiologicment

paleobiolog

pathologia

pathologic

pathologicment

patholog

psichologia

psichologic

psichologicment

psicholog

quantum

quantumi

quantumane

quantumist

raciologia

raciologic

raciologicment

raciolog

radiologia

radiologic

radiologicment

radiolog

reflexologia

reflexologic

reflexologicment

reflexolog

rheumatology

rheumatologic

rheumatologicment

rheumatolog

semantic

semanticki

semanticment

semanticien

sexologia

sexologic

sexologicment

Sexolog

sinologia

sinologic

sinologicment

sinolog

sociologia

sociologic

sociologicment

sociolog

statistic

statisticki

statisticment

statisticien

theologia

theologic

theologicment

theolog

topographia

topographic

topographicment

topograph

traumatologia

traumatologic

traumatologicment

traumatolog

toxicologia

toxicologic

toxicologicment

toxicolog

urbanologia

urbanologic

urbanologicment

urbanolog

urologia

urologic

urologicment

urolog

virologia

virologic

virologicment

virolog

volcanologia

volcanolog

volcanologicment

volcanolog

xilographia

xilographic

xilographicment

xilograph

xilologia

xilologic

xilologicment

xilolog

zoologia

zoologic

zoologicment

zoolog

zithologia

zithologic

zithologicment

zitolog

 

Navyn alian

bacorr

bashur

rozhava

rozhhelat

bacorry rozhava

bacorry rozhelat

bashury rozhava

bashury rozhelat

rozhavay bacorr

rozhhelaty bacorr

rozhavay bashur

rozhhelaty bashur

Termyn zanesti

Termyn zanesti yn de de franceski da be -logue, -graph, -isme, -ist, -cien / cienne, el deqeden de cordi da be -log, -graph, -ism, -ist, -cien, -el deqeden:

biolog, dialog, etimolog, philolog, geograph, photograph, capitalism, socialism, capitalist, economist, socialist, mathematicien, musicien, formel, pluriel

Termyn scientific yn zhe sanskrit hatenen gerten

 itihas, itihasic, itihascar

servenam, servenami

viacaran, viacarani, viacar

wusheshan, wusheshani (sa. vizeshan, hi. visheshan)

Namyn de rewsha nominativ da be kerta -e deqeden

mange

Nominativ: mange

Genitiv: manga, mangyn

Dativ: mangy, mangan

Accusativ: mangy, mangan

Ablativ: zhe mangy, zhe mangan

Vocativ: mangey, mangeno

Locativ: le mangy, le mangan

name

Nom: name

Gen: nama, namyn

Dat: namy, naman

Acc: namy, naman

Abl: zhe namy, zhe naman

Voc: namey, nameno

Loc. le namy, le naman

khwende

Nom: khwende

Gen. m.: khwendy

Gen. z.: khwenda

Gen. pr.:  khwendyn

Dat: khwende, khwendan

Acc. z.: khwendy

Acc. m.:  khwende

Acc. pr.: khwendan

Abl. m.: zhe khwende

Abl. z.: zhe khwendy

Abl. pr.: zhe khwendan

Voc. m.: khwendeo

Voc. z.: khwendey

Voc. pr.: khwendeno

Loc. le khwende, le khwendan

Namyn merdane

tri

Nom. tri (treh).

Gen. triy, triyn

Dat. tri

Acc. tri, trii

Abl. zhe tri.

Voc. trio, trino

Loc. le tri

 hesp (nyr)

Nom. hesp

Gen. hespy, hespyn

Dat. hesp, hespan

Acc. hesp, hespan

Abl. zhe hesp, zhe hespan

Voc. hespo, hespno

Loc. le hesp, le hespan

abbrevation: m.: merdane, z. zhenane, pr. perrani

Namyn monosilabic yn zhenane yn be kerta -a deqeden

ka, kaa genem, kay, kaan, kayn

cha, chaa soanan, chay, chaan, chayn

ma, maa men, may, maan, mayn

ta, taa wan, tay, taan, tayn

Namyn multisilabic yn zhenane yn be kerta -a deqeden

bela, bela khwedy, belay, belan, belayn

geographia, geographia Medan, geographiay, geographian, geographiayn, geographic 

khela, khela 1915an, khelay, khelan, khelayn

qela, qala feraghan, qelay, qelan, qelayn

sera, sera kei, seray, seran, serayn

zeria, zeria spi, zeriay, zerian, zeriayn

America Bacurr, Africa Bashur, Russia sar, Roma latinan, Amida cordan

Aria Shyrco, Emina Xhasen, Saria Ali, Hewa Adem, Leila Qasem, Tara Jaff

Namyn merdane yn be declensionyn -i ud -y

Namyn merdane yn be -an deqeden de formy grand da be declensiona -i-, de formy svek da be declensiona -y- nen.

Nam                Formy grand             Formy svek

ban                  bin                              byn

beran               berin                           berin

chortan            chortin                        chortyn

dedan              dedin                          dedyn

hozan              hozin                           hozyn             

joan                 join                             joyn

keman             kemin                          kemyn

khwendedan khwendedin                 khwendedyn

khwendevan   khwendevin                khwendevyn

kyran               kyrin                           kyryn

nan                  nin                              nyn

merdan            merdin                        merdyn

sheitan            sheitin                         sheityn